Pattern of water user network with ecosystem management of water in sub watersheds

ResearchSDGs 6
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Chaowalit Simsuay
Buriram Rajabhat University

In water basin area in the North of Thailand, people have settled down mostly along the alluvial plains for utilizing water in their daily lives and for doing their agricultural occupations continuously for a long time. The settlement pattern is spreading in groups covering the alluvial plains in the upper part and lower part of water basin. At the present (2015), population of every communities is increasing constantly and has a direct variation towards the area’s agricultural expansion by expanding the area into the forest area more every year. This affected directly to the ecosystems of the forest and water unavoidably. The aforementioned problem has direct effects on the agriculturists because their water resources decrease continuously as well. Therefore, groups of water users have joined hand with each other’s to find the approaches to prevent or alleviate the problem for years in order to decrease the effects of the problem constantly until certain results were seen. The objective for a pattern water user network with ecosystem management of water in sub watersheds. A studying from 5 sub watersheds area, case studies in Mae Jai, Mae Khan, Mae Wang, Mae Klang, Mae Tang, and Mae Ngud basin in Chiang Mai province. Contents used in the analysis derived from basic information from network of water users, organizing a discussion forum for network synthesis, field study to the actual area, and analyzing secondary data received from organizations involved. It was found that water management in the form of network of water users for agriculture is the pattern that can solve many problems. It can solve the problem in water allocation to be fairer. It can decrease conflicts in water allocation from upstream area to downstream area. This can help in terms of land utilization for being able to plan the cultivation plans which is relate to the water resources. It can help oversee and maintain the normal condition of the water resources and can oversee and conserve the ecosystems of the forest and water to attract more abundance. Therefore, the water management in the form of network of water users is one of the mechanisms that were designed by groups of water users themselves in order to connect water users from various groups and to increase the negotiation power of the groups of water users. It was expected that this will connect with the work of the basin committee for more concrete results than it is actually happening now.